Benefits and limitations of biochar amendment in agricultural soils: A review

Beluri Kavitha, Pullagurala Venkata Laxma Reddy, Bojeong Kim, Sang Soo Lee, Sudhir Kumar Pandey, Ki Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current agriculture faces multiple challenges due to rapid increases in food demand and environmental concerns. Recently, biochar application in agricultural soils has attracted a good deal of attention. According to literature findings, biochar has proven to play various beneficial roles with respect to the enhancement of crop yield as a fertilizer and soil quality as a soil conditioner. It can further be used to remediate soil pollution as an adsorbent, while supporting the mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through the expansion of the soil carbon pool. The efficacy of biochar application on agricultural environments is found to be controlled by various factors such as pyrolysis temperature, feed stock, soil type, and biotic interactions. The combined effects of these factors may thus exert a decisive control on the overall outcome. Furthermore, the biochar application can also be proven to be detrimental in some scenarios. This review evaluates both the potential benefits and limitations of biochar application in agriculture soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume227
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • Crop yield
  • Green house gas abatement
  • Heavy metal
  • Plant disease suppression

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