Behaviors of perfluorocarbon emulsion during dissolution of oxide layers

Naon Chang, Huijun Won, Chonghun Jung, Seonbyeong Kim, Heechul Eun, Yongsoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the dissolution behavior of oxide layers containing radionuclides using perfluorocarbon (PFC) emulsion as a reusable medium. Chemicals such as PFC, anionic surfactant, and H2SO4 are used for preparing the PFC emulsion, and emulsified using an ultrasonication process. The FTIR results show O-H stretching that is formed by the interaction of the carboxyl group of the anionic surfactant with the hydroxyl group of water containing H2SO4, and find that the H2SO4 can be homogeneously dispersed in the PFC-anionic surfactant-H2SO4 emulsion. The dissolution test of the simulated Cr2O3 specimen is conducted using PFC emulsion containing KMnO4. Through the weight losses of specimens and Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer (SEM-EDS) analysis, it is confirmed that the Cr2O3 layer on the SUS304 specimen is easily dissolved using PFC emulsion. During the dissolution of the Cr2O3, it is observed that the dispersed H2SO4-KMnO4 became unstable and separated from PFC emulsion. Based on these results, the behavior of the PFC emulsion during the dissolution of the oxide layer is explained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1329
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2021 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Decontamination
  • Dissolution
  • Emulsion
  • Oxide layer
  • Perfluorocarbon


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