Beam line design and beam transport calculation for the μSR facility at RAON

Kihong Pak, Junesic Park, Jae Young Jeong, Jae Chang Kim, Kyungmin Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Jaebum Son, Ju Hahn Lee, Wonjun Lee, Yong Kyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Rare Isotope Science Project was launched in 2011 in Korea toward constructing the Rare isotope Accelerator complex for ON line experiments (RAON). RAON will house several experimental systems, including the Muon Spin Rotation/Relaxation/Resonance (μSR) facility in High Energy Experimental Building B. This facility will use 600-MeV protons with a maximum current of 660 pμA and beam power of 400 kW. The key μSR features will facilitate projects related to condensed-matter and nuclear physics. Typical experiments require a few million surface muons fully spin-polarized opposite to their momentum for application to small samples. Here, we describe the design of a muon transport beam line for delivering the requisite muon numbers and the electromagnetic-component specifications in the μSR facility. We determine the beam-line configuration via beam-optics calculations and the transmission efficiency via single-particle tracking simulations. The electromagnet properties, including fringe field effects, are applied for each component in the calculations. The designed surface-muon beamline is 17.3 m long, consisting of 2 solenoids, 2 dipoles affording 70° deflection, 9 quadrupoles, and a Wien filter to eliminate contaminant positrons. The average incident-muon flux and spin rotation angle are estimated as 5.2 × 106 μ+/s and 45°, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3344-3351
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Engineering and Technology
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2021 Oct


  • Beam transport
  • Beam-line design
  • Muon facility
  • Single-particle tracking
  • Surface muons
  • μSR


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