Atherogenic index of plasma and the risk of rapid progression of coronary atherosclerosis beyond traditional risk factors

Ki Bum Won, Ran Heo, Hyung Bok Park, Byoung Kwon Lee, Fay Y. Lin, Martin Hadamitzky, Yong Jin Kim, Ji Min Sung, Edoardo Conte, Daniele Andreini, Gianluca Pontone, Matthew J. Budoff, Ilan Gottlieb, Eun Ju Chun, Filippo Cademartiri, Erica Maffei, Hugo Marques, Pedro de Araújo Gonçalves, Jonathon A. Leipsic, Sang Eun LeeSanghoon Shin, Jung Hyun Choi, Renu Virmani, Habib Samady, Kavitha Chinnaiyan, Daniel S. Berman, Jagat Narula, Leslee J. Shaw, Jeroen J. Bax, James K. Min, Hyuk Jae Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has been suggested as a marker of plasma atherogenicity. This study aimed to assess the association between AIP and the rapid progression of coronary atherosclerosis using serial coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Methods: A total of 1488 adults (60.9 ± 9.2 years, 58.9% male) who underwent serial CCTA with a median inter-scan period of 3.4 years were included. AIP was defined as the base 10 logarithm of the ratio of the concentrations of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Rapid plaque progression (RPP) was defined as the change of percentage atheroma volume (PAV) ≥1.0%/year. All participants were divided into three groups based on AIP tertiles. Results: Baseline total PAV (median [interquartile range (IQR)]) (%) (group I [lowest]: 1.91 [0.00, 6.21] vs. group II: 2.82 [0.27, 8.83] vs. group III [highest]: 2.70 [0.41, 7.50]), the annual change of total PAV (median [IQR]) (%/year) (group I: 0.27 [0.00, 0.81] vs. group II: 0.37 [0.04, 1.11] vs. group III: 0.45 [0.06, 1.25]), and the incidence of RPP (group I: 19.7% vs. group II: 27.3% vs. group III: 31.4%) were significantly different among AIP tertiles (all p < 0.05). In multiple logistic regression analysis, the risk of RPP was increased in group III (odds ratio: 1.52, 95% confidence interval: 1.02–2.26; p = 0.042) compared to group I after adjusting for clinical factors and baseline total PAV. Conclusions: Based on serial CCTA findings, AIP is an independent predictive marker for RPP beyond traditional risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume324
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 May

Keywords

  • Atherogenic index of plasma
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary computed tomography angiography

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