Association of ventilatory disorders with respiratory symptoms, physical activity, and quality of life in subjects with prior tuberculosis: A national database study in korea

Bumhee Yang, Hayoung Choi, Sun Hye Shin, Youlim Kim, Ji Yong Moon, Hye Yun Park, Hyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) survivors experience post-TB lung damage and ventilatory function disorders. However, the proportions of obstructive and restrictive ventilatory disorders as well as normal ventilation among subjects with prior TB are unknown. In addition, the impacts of ventilatory disorder and its severity on respiratory symptoms, physical activity limitations, and the quality of life in subjects with prior TB remain unclear. Subjects who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2007–2016 were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the impact of each ventilatory disorder and its severity on respiratory symptoms, physical activity limitations, and quality of life (measured by the EuroQoL five dimensions questionnaire [EQ-5D] index values) in subjects with prior TB. Among 1466 subjects with prior TB, 29% and 16% had obstructive ventilatory disorders and restrictive ventilatory disorders, respectively. Mild and moderate obstructive ventilatory disorders were not associated with respiratory symptoms, physical activity limitations, or EQ-5D index value compared with normal ventilation; however, severe obstructive ventilatory disorders were associated with more respiratory symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 13.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.64–39.99), more physical activity limitation (aOR = 218.58, 95% CI = 26.82–1781.12), and decreased EQ-5D index (adjusted coefficient = −0.06, 95% CI = (−0.12–−0.10) compared with normal ventilation. Mild restrictive ventilatory disorders were associated with more respiratory symptoms (aOR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.07–4.14) compared with normal ventilation, while moderate (aOR = 5.71, 95% CI = 1.14–28.62) and severe restrictive ventilatory disorders (aOR = 9.17, 95% CI = 1.02–82.22) were associated with physical activity limitation compared with normal ventilation. In conclusion, among subjects with prior TB, 29% and 16% developed obstructive and restrictive ventilatory disorders, respectively. Severe obstructive ventilatory disorder was associated with more respiratory symptoms, more physical activity limitation, and poorer quality of life, while severe restrictive ventilatory disorder was associated with more physical activity limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number678
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Pulmonary function
  • Quality of life
  • Respiratory symptoms
  • Tuberculosis

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