Assessment of seismic risk of a typical RC building for the 2016 Gyeongju and potential earthquakes

Hyun Woo Jee, Sang Whan Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


On September 12, 2016, the Gyeongju earthquake occurred in the south-eastern region of the Korean peninsula. The event was ranked as the largest magnitude earthquake (=5.8) since instrumental recording was started by the Korean Metrological Administration (KMA) in 1978. The objective of this study is to provide information obtained from the 2016 Gyeongju earthquake and to propose a procedure estimating seismic risk of a typical old RC building for past and potential earthquakes. Ground motions are simulated using the point source model at 4941 grid locations in the Korean peninsula that resulted from the Gyeongju earthquake and from potential future earthquakes with the same hypocenter considering different soil conditions. Nonlinear response history analyses are conducted for each grid location using a three-story gravity-designed reinforced concrete (RC) frame that most closely represents conventional old school and public buildings. Then, contour maps are constructed to present the seismic risk associated with this building for the Gyeongju earthquake and potential future scenario earthquakes. These contour maps can be useful in the development of a mitigation plan for potential earthquake damage to school and public buildings at all grid locations on the Korean peninsula.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-351
Number of pages15
JournalEarthquake and Structures
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021 Mar


  • ground motion
  • moment frame
  • point source model
  • risk
  • scenario earthquake
  • soil condition


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