Application of and changes in construction principles and joint methods in the wooden architecture of the joseon era: A case study on the Sungnyemun gate in Seoul

Jin Hong Park, Young Jae Kim, Dong Soo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Various efforts are needed to understand the construction principle of wooden architecture in the premodern era, as theoretical literature on this topic is lacking. This study shows that wooden construction methods are divided into two categories consisting of piled-up and integrated structures. The primary difference between the two categories is that the former is supported by a structural system weighted by a load from above, whereas the latter involves strengthening of the combination itself. In Korea, the framed system seen in a partially integrated structure is confirmed based on the structure of a piled-up framework. The Sungnyemun Gate is a representative example, and exemplifies piled-up techniques with a structural stability that is grounded by the load. However, the building's interior is characterized by the active adoption of pass-through columns employed in the integrated structure. Such structural compromise results in great changes. When the authors examine the joining parts of major timber-framed structures like the Sungnyemun Gate, at its completion, it had weak joining connections in the piled-up structure; however, after several repairs, it was strengthened with an integrated structure. This thesis examines a regional peculiarity of the wooden architecture that adopted eclectic styles based on the piled-up structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Integrated structure
  • Joint methods
  • Piled-up structure
  • Reinforcing solidarity
  • Sungnyemun Gate

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