Analysis of the Interaction between Polygenic Risk Score and Calorie Intake in Obesity in the Korean Population

Won Jun Lee, Ji Eun Lim, Hae Un Jung, Ji One Kang, Taesung Park, Sungho Won, Sang Youl Rhee, Mi Kyung Kim, Yeon Jung Kim, Bermseok Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity results from an imbalance in the intake and expenditure of calories that leads to lifestyle-related diseases. Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed many obesity-related genetic factors, the interactions of these factors and calorie intake remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate interactions between calorie intake and the polygenic risk score (PRS) of BMI. Methods: Three cohorts, i.e., from the Korea Association REsource (KARE; n = 8,736), CArdioVAscular Disease Association Study (CAVAS; n = 9,334), and Health EXAminee (HEXA; n = 28,445), were used for this study. BMI-related genetic loci were selected from previous GWAS. Two scores, PRS, and association (a)PRS, were used; the former was determined from 193 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 5 GWAS datasets, and the latter from 62 SNPs (potentially associated) from 3 Korean cohorts (meta-analysis, p < 0.01). Results: PRS and aPRS were significantly associated with BMI in all 3 cohorts but did not exhibit a significant interaction with total calorie intake. Similar results were obtained for obesity. PRS and aPRS were significantly associated with obesity but did not show a significant interaction with total calorie intake. We further analyzed the interaction with protein, fat, and carbohydrate intake. The results were similar to those for total calorie intake, with PRS and aPRS found to not be associated with the interaction of any of the 3 nutrition components for either BMI or obesity. Discussion: The interaction of BMI PRS with calorie intake was investigated in 3 independent Korean cohorts (total n = 35,094) and no interactions were found between PRS and calorie intake for obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-29
Number of pages10
JournalLifestyle Genomics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Feb

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Calorie intake
  • Interaction
  • Obesity
  • Polygenic risk score

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