Analysis of severe accident progression and Cs behavior for SBO event during mid-loop operation of OPR1000 using MELCOR

Yerim Park, Hoyoung Shin, Seungwoo Kim, Youngho Jin, Dong Ha Kim, Moosung Jae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One of the important issues raised from the Fukushima-Daiichi accident is the safety of multi-unit sites when simultaneous accidents occur at the site and recently a multi-unit PSA methodology is being developed worldwide. Since all operation modes of the plant should be considered in the multi-unit PSA, the accident analysis needs to be performed for shutdown operation modes, too. In this study, a station blackout during the mid-loop operation is selected as a reference scenario. The overall accident progression for the mid-loop operation is slower than that for the full-power operation because the residual heat per mass of coolant is about 6 times lower than that in the mid-loop scenario. Though the fractions of Cs released from the core to the RCS in both operation modes are almost the same, the amount of Cs delivered to the containment atmosphere is quite different due to the chemisorption in the RCS. While 45.5% of the initial inventory is chemisorbed on the RCS surfaces during the full-power operation, only 2.2% during the mid-loop operation. The containment remains intact during the mid-loop operation, though 83.9% of Cs is delivered to the containment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2859-2865
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Engineering and Technology
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Cesium behavior
  • Full power operation
  • MELCOR
  • Mid loop operation
  • OPR1000
  • Severe accident

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