An introduction to the MPEG-4 animation framework extension

Mikaël Bourges-Sévenier, Euee S. Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Scopus citations


This paper presents the MPEG-4 Animation Frame-work eXtension (AFX) standard, ISO/IEC 14496-16. Initiated by the MPEG Synthetic/Natural Hybrid Coding group in 2000, MPEG-4 AFX proposes an advanced framework for interactive multimedia applications using both natural and synthetic objects. Following this model, new synthetic objects have been specified, increasing content realism over existing MPEG-4 synthetic objects. The general overview of MPEG-4 AFX is provided on top of the review of MPEG-4 standards to explain the relationship between MPEG-4 and MPEG-4 AFX. Then we give a bird's-eye view of new tools available in this standard and further explained in other paper in this special issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-936
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul 1



  • Animation framework
  • Augmented reality
  • MPEG-4
  • Synthetic natural hybrid coding
  • Virtual reality modeling language (VRML)

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