Alcohol use disorder and health-related quality of life in Korean night-shift workers: A cross-sectional study using the KNHANES 2007-2015 data

Thu Thi Pham, Boyoung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of night-shift work, and the association of nightshift work with alcohol use disorders(AUDs), as well as with health-related quality of life (HRQL), in Korean adult workers. A total of 26,895 adult workers aged 20–59 years were included in the analysis. AUDs were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test(AUDIT), and HRQL was measured by the EuroQol-5D questionnaire with five main dimensions. We found an interaction effect between gender and working status on AUDs (p = 0.0065), suggesting that women are more fragile than men in terms of the effects of night work but not regarding HRQL (p = 0.1729). Female night workers had higher risk of AUDs than female day workers (odds ratio(OR): 2.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.48–3.38) but this effect was not noted in male night workers (OR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.69–1.37). Lower HRQL was found in depression dimension for night workers compared to day workers (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.00–1.89), whereas day-night regular shift workers were protected from depression. Risk of AUDs and lower HRQL were identified in female night workers but not in male night workers. This association suggests that women are more fragile than men in terms of the effects of night work.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0214593
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019 Apr 1

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quality of life
cross-sectional studies
alcohols
Cross-Sectional Studies
Alcohols
Quality of Life
Health
odds ratio
confidence interval
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
work schedules
questionnaires
gender
testing

Cite this

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title = "Alcohol use disorder and health-related quality of life in Korean night-shift workers: A cross-sectional study using the KNHANES 2007-2015 data",
abstract = "This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of night-shift work, and the association of nightshift work with alcohol use disorders(AUDs), as well as with health-related quality of life (HRQL), in Korean adult workers. A total of 26,895 adult workers aged 20–59 years were included in the analysis. AUDs were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test(AUDIT), and HRQL was measured by the EuroQol-5D questionnaire with five main dimensions. We found an interaction effect between gender and working status on AUDs (p = 0.0065), suggesting that women are more fragile than men in terms of the effects of night work but not regarding HRQL (p = 0.1729). Female night workers had higher risk of AUDs than female day workers (odds ratio(OR): 2.23, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.48–3.38) but this effect was not noted in male night workers (OR: 0.97, 95{\%} CI: 0.69–1.37). Lower HRQL was found in depression dimension for night workers compared to day workers (OR: 1.37, 95{\%} CI: 1.00–1.89), whereas day-night regular shift workers were protected from depression. Risk of AUDs and lower HRQL were identified in female night workers but not in male night workers. This association suggests that women are more fragile than men in terms of the effects of night work.",
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Alcohol use disorder and health-related quality of life in Korean night-shift workers : A cross-sectional study using the KNHANES 2007-2015 data. / Pham, Thu Thi; Park, Boyoung.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 14, No. 4, e0214593, 01.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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