Achievement of self-heated sensing of hazardous gases by WS2 (core)–SnO2 (shell) nanosheets

Jae Hun Kim, Ali Mirzaei, Jae Hoon Bang, Hyoun Woo Kim, Sang Sub Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With the recent rapid development of portable smart electronic devices, there is a great demand for gas sensors having high performance, high flexibility, and low energy consumption. We explored the effects of SnO2 shell thickness and operating voltage on the sensing behavior of WS2 nanosheets (NSs) deposited over a flexible substrate in self-heating mode. Commercial WS2 nanowires (NWs) were used as the core and SnO2 shells with various thicknesses were deposited on the core by an advanced physical technique, namely atomic layer deposition (ALD). With regard to CO sensing, a shell thickness of 15 nm operating at 3.4 V, was optimal. Alternatively, for NO2 sensing, the optimal shell thickness was 30 nm. Therefore, using engineering design principles to determine the shell material and shell thickness, it is possible to selectively detect reducing gases such as CO, while the response to oxidizing gases is weak. We have also discussed the details of this sensing mechanism. We believe that our results can lead to further study of C–S NSs for sensing studies from different points of views.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125196
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume412
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Jun 15

Keywords

  • 2D WS
  • Core–shell
  • Gas sensor
  • Self-heating
  • SnO shell

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