A Randomized, Noninferiority Trial Comparing ICS + LABA with ICS + LABA + LAMA in Asthma-COPD Overlap (ACO) Treatment: The ACO Treatment with Optimal Medications (ATOMIC) Study

Cohort for Reality and Evolution of Adult Asthma in Korea (COREA) Study Group

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Current guidelines for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap (ACO) recommend initial treatment using inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) plus 1 or more bronchodilators. Objective: To clarify which therapeutic effect is better between the ICS + long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) and ICS + LABA + long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) treatment in patients with ACO. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, 48-week, randomized, noninferiority trial. Patients with ACO were enrolled if they were treated with a moderate to high dose of ICS + LABA. In total, 303 patients were involved in the present trial, with 149 receiving ICS + LABA + LAMA. The primary end point was the time to first exacerbation. Secondary outcomes included changes in FEV1, forced vital capacity, FEV1/forced vital capacity ratio, asthma control, blood eosinophil count, and fractional exhaled nitric oxide. Results: In the ICS + LABA treatment group, 29 of 154 patients (18.83%) experienced exacerbation, whereas 28 of 149 patients (18.79%) experienced exacerbation in the ICS + LABA + LAMA treatment group. The results of this noninferiority study were ultimately inconclusive (hazard ratio, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.66-1.84). However, the patients treated with the addition of LAMA showed significant improvements in FEV1 and forced vital capacity (P < .001). Asthma control did not improve in either group. Conclusions: Although this study was unable to conclude that ICS + LABA treatment is not inferior to ICS + LABA + LAMA in terms of exacerbation, it is obvious that the ICS + LABA + LAMA treatment group had improved lung function in ACO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1311.e2
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Mar

Keywords

  • Asthma-COPD overlap
  • ICS
  • LABA
  • LAMA
  • Triple therapy

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