A quantitation method for gaseous formaldehyde based on gas chromatography with metal–organic framework cold-trap sorbent as an effective alternative for HPLC-based standard protocol

Mi Ji Yoo, Min Hee Lee, Jan E. Szulejko, Kumar Vikrant, Ki Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The suitability of a zirconium metal–organic framework (MOF: UiO-66) as a sorption medium for the cold-trap analytical system was explored for trace analysis of gaseous formaldehyde (FA) using thermal desorption–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (TD-GC/MS). A dual-bed cold trap containing UiO-66 (or MOF-5 (zinc MOF)) with Tenax® TA was prepared to run adsorption of FA at −25 ℃ and its desorption at 300 ℃ to acquire the maximum relative recovery up to 100%. The TD-GC/MS system equipped with a UiO-66 + Tenax® TA cold trap yielded a low method detection limit of gaseous FA (0.27 ng in 100 mL (2.17 ppb FA)) with good linearity and reproducibility. With the use of UiO-66 as a cold-trap medium for GC–MS analysis, the breakthrough of FA was not observable to a significantly extended sampling range (e.g., up to 800 mL of 1250 ppb (1143 ng)). In contrast, MOF-5 tested as a reference medium suffered from immediate (12.7%) breakthrough (at 250 mL) to restrict a maximum sampling only up to 50 mL. As such, the proposed method based on UiO-66 MOF is found as a highly efficient option to overcome the limitations of virtually all GC-based quantitation methods introduced previously for ambient FA. As such, this method can be used as an effective alternative method for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based quantitation approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105624
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume160
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Jan

Keywords

  • Formaldehyde
  • Metal-organic framework
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Thermal desorption

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