A neural analysis on motor imagery and passive movement using a haptic device

Hagil Kang, Wanjoo Park, Jae Hwan Kang, Gyu Hyun Kwon, Sung Phil Kim, Laehyun Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated neural activity from electroencephalography (EEG) during the use of a haptic-based hand rehabilitation device. While healthy participants (right-handed) performed a series of hand supination/pronation tasks, EEG signals of the participants were measured and compared across different tasks such as motor imagery (MI task), passive movement without MI (P task), and passive movement with MI (PMI task). EEG analysis revealed that the alpha power of the contralateral (left) sensorimotor area decreased more than that of the ipsilateral (right) area for all the tasks (p < 0.05). It also showed that decreases in the alpha power were significantly greater for the two tasks with MI than the P task (p < 0.01). This implicates that rehabilitation therapy using MI involves greater neural activation compared to repetitive passive movements. Meanwhile the passive movement by the haptic-based device provides sensory feedback to drive brain reorganization and then improve motor function. The PMI task that merges neural activations and sensory feedback may bring more benefits to the patients with motor impairment than MI and P tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICCAS 2012 - 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems
Pages1536-1541
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2012 Dec 1
Event2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems, ICCAS 2012 - Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2012 Oct 172012 Oct 21

Other

Other2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems, ICCAS 2012
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju
Period12/10/1712/10/21

Fingerprint

Electroencephalography
Sensory feedback
Patient rehabilitation
Chemical activation
Brain

Keywords

  • EEG
  • haptic
  • motor imagery
  • rehabilitation

Cite this

Kang, H., Park, W., Kang, J. H., Kwon, G. H., Kim, S. P., & Kim, L. (2012). A neural analysis on motor imagery and passive movement using a haptic device. In ICCAS 2012 - 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems (pp. 1536-1541). [6393082]
Kang, Hagil ; Park, Wanjoo ; Kang, Jae Hwan ; Kwon, Gyu Hyun ; Kim, Sung Phil ; Kim, Laehyun. / A neural analysis on motor imagery and passive movement using a haptic device. ICCAS 2012 - 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems. 2012. pp. 1536-1541
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Kang, H, Park, W, Kang, JH, Kwon, GH, Kim, SP & Kim, L 2012, A neural analysis on motor imagery and passive movement using a haptic device. in ICCAS 2012 - 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems., 6393082, pp. 1536-1541, 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems, ICCAS 2012, Jeju, Korea, Republic of, 12/10/17.

A neural analysis on motor imagery and passive movement using a haptic device. / Kang, Hagil; Park, Wanjoo; Kang, Jae Hwan; Kwon, Gyu Hyun; Kim, Sung Phil; Kim, Laehyun.

ICCAS 2012 - 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems. 2012. p. 1536-1541 6393082.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Kang H, Park W, Kang JH, Kwon GH, Kim SP, Kim L. A neural analysis on motor imagery and passive movement using a haptic device. In ICCAS 2012 - 2012 12th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems. 2012. p. 1536-1541. 6393082