A Multiband Antenna Associating Wireless Monitoring and Nonleaky Wireless Power Transfer System for Biomedical Implants

Rupam Das, Hyoungsuk Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


This paper presents a multiband conformal antenna for implantable as well as ingestible devices. The proposed antenna has the following three bands: medical implanted communication service (MICS: 402-405 MHz), the midfield band (1.45-1.6 GHz), and the industrial, scientific, and medical band (ISM: 2.4-2.45 GHz) for telemetry or wireless monitoring, wireless power transfer (WPT), and power conservation, respectively. A T-shaped ground slot is used to tune the antenna, and this antenna is wrapped inside a printed 3-D capsule prototype to demonstrate its applicability in different biomedical devices. Initially, the performance of the proposed antenna was measured in an American Society for Testing and Materials phantom containing a porcine heart in the MICS band for an implantable case. Furthermore, to stretch the scope of the suggested antenna to ingestible devices, the antenna performance was simulated and measured using a minced pork muscle in the ISM band. A modified version of the midfield power transfer method was incorporated to replicate the idea of WPT within the implantable 3-D printed capsule. Moreover, a near-field plate (NFP) was employed to control the leakage of power from the WPT transmitter. From the simulation and measurements, we found that use of a ground slot in the implantable antenna can improve antenna performance and can also reduce the specific absorption rate. Furthermore, by including the NFP with the midfield WPT transmitter system, unidirectional wireless power can be obtained and WPT efficiency can be increased.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7835302
Pages (from-to)2485-2495
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2017 Jul


  • Biomedical capsule devices
  • biotelemetry
  • conformal antenna
  • midfield band
  • power leakage


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