A land-use mix allocation model considering adjacency, intensity, and proximity

Sunyong Eom, Tsutomu Suzuki, Myeong Hun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Land-Use Mix (LUM) refers to the strategy of integrating complementary functions within a building or area. While LUM has become a dominant approach in urban planning, its actual benefits and vision for spatial planning remain unclear. To clarify this issue, this study discerns the spatial features of land-use patterns depending on the compatibilities among land-use categories. Accordingly, this study introduces three LUM measures–adjacency, intensity, and proximity–to identify differences in the spatial distribution of land-use categories. Based on these measures, a land-use allocation model is developed to specify spatial patterns satisfying the given compatibilities. This model is tested by applying the concept of the neighborhood unit on a case study of normative land-use patterns subject to specified compatibilities. The results describe spatial features of four compatibility sets, including a set exhibiting a compatibility conflict between the same land-use pair and LUM measures when, for example, a given land-use pair is compatible in terms of intensity but incompatible in terms of proximity. Understanding the spatial features of a normative land-use pattern that satisfies various possible compatibilities will facilitate the incorporation of the LUM approach into local planning guidance and zoning ordinances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-923
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Geographical Information Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2020 May 3


  • Land-use allocation
  • land-use mix
  • multi-objective function
  • spatial planning


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