A compact four-port coplanar antenna based on an excitation switching reconfigurable mechanism for cognitive radio applications

O. Yeonjeong, Yunnan Jin, Jaehoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a compact four-port coplanar antenna for cognitive radio applications. The proposed antenna consists of a coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna and three inner rectangular loop antennas. The dimensions of the proposed antenna are 42 mm × 50 mm × 0.8 mm. The UWB antenna is used for spectrum sensing and fully covers the UWB spectrum of 3.1-10.6 GHz. The three loop antennas cover the UWB frequency band partially for communication purposes. The first loop antenna for the low frequency range operates from 2.96 GHz to 5.38 GHz. The second loop antenna is in charge of the mid band from 5.31 GHz to 8.62 GHz. The third antenna operates from 8.48 GHz to 11.02 GHz, which is the high-frequency range. A high isolation level (greater than 17.3 dB) is realized among the UWB antenna and three loop antennas without applying any additional decoupling structures. The realized gains of the UWB antenna and three loop antennas are greater than 2.7 dBi and 1.38 dBi, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3157
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Cognitive radio
loop antennas
Loop antennas
antennas
Ultra-wideband (UWB)
Antennas
broadband
excitation
frequency ranges
Coplanar waveguides
Antenna feeders
decoupling
Frequency bands
isolation
communication
low frequencies
waveguides
Communication

Keywords

  • Cognitive radio (CR)
  • Communication
  • Isolation
  • Narrowband (NB) antenna
  • Spectrum sensing
  • Ultra-wideband (UWB)

Cite this

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abstract = "In this paper, we propose a compact four-port coplanar antenna for cognitive radio applications. The proposed antenna consists of a coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna and three inner rectangular loop antennas. The dimensions of the proposed antenna are 42 mm × 50 mm × 0.8 mm. The UWB antenna is used for spectrum sensing and fully covers the UWB spectrum of 3.1-10.6 GHz. The three loop antennas cover the UWB frequency band partially for communication purposes. The first loop antenna for the low frequency range operates from 2.96 GHz to 5.38 GHz. The second loop antenna is in charge of the mid band from 5.31 GHz to 8.62 GHz. The third antenna operates from 8.48 GHz to 11.02 GHz, which is the high-frequency range. A high isolation level (greater than 17.3 dB) is realized among the UWB antenna and three loop antennas without applying any additional decoupling structures. The realized gains of the UWB antenna and three loop antennas are greater than 2.7 dBi and 1.38 dBi, respectively.",
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A compact four-port coplanar antenna based on an excitation switching reconfigurable mechanism for cognitive radio applications. / Yeonjeong, O.; Jin, Yunnan; Choi, Jaehoon.

In: Applied Sciences (Switzerland), Vol. 9, No. 15, 3157, 01.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - In this paper, we propose a compact four-port coplanar antenna for cognitive radio applications. The proposed antenna consists of a coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna and three inner rectangular loop antennas. The dimensions of the proposed antenna are 42 mm × 50 mm × 0.8 mm. The UWB antenna is used for spectrum sensing and fully covers the UWB spectrum of 3.1-10.6 GHz. The three loop antennas cover the UWB frequency band partially for communication purposes. The first loop antenna for the low frequency range operates from 2.96 GHz to 5.38 GHz. The second loop antenna is in charge of the mid band from 5.31 GHz to 8.62 GHz. The third antenna operates from 8.48 GHz to 11.02 GHz, which is the high-frequency range. A high isolation level (greater than 17.3 dB) is realized among the UWB antenna and three loop antennas without applying any additional decoupling structures. The realized gains of the UWB antenna and three loop antennas are greater than 2.7 dBi and 1.38 dBi, respectively.

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