A case of fat embolism syndrome of fat globules found in BAL fluid after recovery from acute respiratory failure

Ree Park Song, Soo Kim Hyun, Hyung Lee Jae, Sang Heon Kim, Tae-Hyung Kim, Ho Joo Yoon, Soo Park Sung, Ho Shin Dong, Kum Park Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fat embolism syndrome is a rare clinical diagnosis of dyspnea with acute respiratory failure and neurological signs caused by a traumatic long bone fracture. We report a case of fat embolism in a 22 year-old man after a traffic accident. Dyspnea and stuporous mental changes developed on the 1st day after the external fixation operation of a left metaphyseal femur fracture. On the following day, he was transferred from a hospital to this one because of acute respiratory failure. After recovery, macrophages with fat droplets were found in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid 1. It is important to diagnose a fat embolism as the correct cause of acute respiratory failure through the BAL in the acute state of fat embolism syndrome It is believed that clinically apparent or sometimes hidden fat embolism syndrome can be diagnosed from the BAL during the recovery state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-566
Number of pages5
JournalTuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Volume61
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2006 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Fat Embolism
Dimercaprol
Respiratory Insufficiency
Fats
Dyspnea
Traffic Accidents
Bone Fractures
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Femur
Macrophages

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Fat embolism syndrome
  • Fat globules

Cite this

Song, Ree Park ; Hyun, Soo Kim ; Jae, Hyung Lee ; Kim, Sang Heon ; Kim, Tae-Hyung ; Yoon, Ho Joo ; Sung, Soo Park ; Dong, Ho Shin ; Chan, Kum Park. / A case of fat embolism syndrome of fat globules found in BAL fluid after recovery from acute respiratory failure. In: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. 2006 ; Vol. 61, No. 6. pp. 562-566.
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A case of fat embolism syndrome of fat globules found in BAL fluid after recovery from acute respiratory failure. / Song, Ree Park; Hyun, Soo Kim; Jae, Hyung Lee; Kim, Sang Heon; Kim, Tae-Hyung; Yoon, Ho Joo; Sung, Soo Park; Dong, Ho Shin; Chan, Kum Park.

In: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, Vol. 61, No. 6, 01.12.2006, p. 562-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hyun, Soo Kim

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